Urine for Microscopy and Culture tests are commonly used to detect UTIs or the presence of cells from tumours. It can also be used to confirm or add findings to a previous diagnosis.
The samples are screened by microscopy for the presence of red and white blood cells, bacteria, yeast cells, and other microscopic structures.
A urine culture is a test that can detect bacteria in your urine. This test can find and identify the germs that cause a urinary tract infection (UTI). Bacteria, which typically cause UTIs, can enter the urinary tract through the urethra. In the environment of your urinary tract, these bacteria can grow rapidly and develop into an infection.